(Go Lang) Arrays (GBEN)

Example

• Like `C` declaration and index referencing and default values and `len` and multi-dimensional
• declaration of, inference and assignment to
• `b := [5]int{1, 2, 3, 4, 5}`
• Not used much because yet to be explained `slices` are better

// Here we create an array a that will hold exactly 5 ints. The type of
// elements and length are both part of the array’s type. By default an array
// is zero-valued, which for ints means 0s.
var a [5]int
fmt.Println(“emp:”, a)
// We can set a value at an index using the array[index] = value syntax, and
// get a value with array[index].
a[4] = 100
fmt.Println(“set:”, a)
fmt.Println(“get:”, a[4])
// The builtin len returns the length of an array.
fmt.Println(“len:”, len(a))
// Use this syntax to declare and initialize an array in one line.
b := [5]int{1, 2, 3, 4, 5}
fmt.Println(“dcl:”, b)
// Array types are one-dimensional, but you can compose types to build
// multi-dimensional data structures.
var twoD [2][3]int
for i := 0; i < 2; i++ { for j := 0; j < 3; j++ { twoD[i][j] = i + j } } fmt.Println("2d: ", twoD) [/sourcecode] [sourcecode language="text" title="" ] emp: [0 0 0 0 0] set: [0 0 0 0 100] get: 100 len: 5 dcl: [1 2 3 4 5] 2d: [[0 1 2] [1 2 3]] [/sourcecode]