Ubuntu 8.10 (Intrepid) for XO

Here is a link that explains how to set up Ubuntu on the XO.

(via OLPC News)

Addendum: 18/2/9

I installed it and it worked flawlessly. Here are my notes on the installation:

000. Remove the SD card and start the XO.

001. Start Terminal in Sugar.

002. Connect the USB drive

003. Run mount | grep /dev/sd , repeat until it returns a line like this:

     > /dev/sda1 on /media/ORNGESLIDE2 type vfat rw

004. Become root and stop haldaemon:
     	    sudo -s
     	    /etc/init.d/haldaemon stop

005. Insert SD card into the slot (the card will be erased, so back up all data 
     on it that you want to preserve).

006. Erase MBR and partition table:
     	   dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/mmcblk0 bs=4096 count=1

007. Make the partition table:
     	  echo -e ',,L,*\n\n\n' | sfdisk /dev/mmcblk0
008. Create the root filesystem:
     	    mke2fs -jLOLPCRoot /dev/mmcblk0p1

009. Mount the filesystem and unpack the tarball onto it:
     	   mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /mnt
	   cd /mnt
	   tar xvjf /media/ORNGESLIDE2/OLPCFiles-intrepid-20081130.tar.bz2

010. Copy the developer key:
     tar xvf /media/ORNGESLIDE2/security.tar.gz

011. Reboot:

012. Got the "Card didn't power up after 1 second" error:
     > I waited at the ok prompt and typed boot and it worked.
     > Recommended advice is if that works, to upgrade the firmware.
     > I will hold off for now.

013. After booting into a new system, 
     log in as user olpc with password olpcolpc, and perform final updates: 

014. Click on the Network Manager icon at the bottom panel, 
     select the wireless network you want to use.
     If wireless network uses encryption, 
     you will be prompted for the key/password.
     If it's a public access point that requires browser login 
     (like T-Mobile hotspot), start Firefox and log in.

     Start Terminal and complete the configuration:

		(enter olpcolpc as the current password, 
		then twice the password you intend to use)

		sudo aptitude update
		sudo aptitude safe-upgrade
		sudo aptitude reinstall ssl-cert
		sudo aptitude clean
		sudo /etc/init.d/cups start

015. Configure mplayer
     	       mkdir .mplayer
	       echo -e 'vo=sdl\nframedrop=1\nlavdopts=skiploopfilter=all:fast=1' > .mplayer/config

016. Install flash plugin
    	    sudo aptitude install flashplugin-nonfree
	    sudo ln -s /etc/alternatives/firefox-flashplugin /usr/lib/firefox-addons/plugins/flashplugin-alternative.so

017. In Firefox, installed the plugins:
       adblock plus

018. Set the timezone:
       sudo dpkg-reconfigure  tzdata

019. Boot failed, instead it went into Sugar.
    Ran e2fsck -y /dev/mmcblk0p1
    	This fixed a bunch of errors. I killed e2fsck the first time,
	apparently with no ill effects.
    Rebooted, held the 'square' joystick button, 
    hit escape 'x' on the keyboard to get the boot prompt 'ok'.
    Typed: boot sd:\boot\olpc.fth
    System worked, got keyring question
    	   Used the old default pw
	   Reset doing: rm .gnome2/keyrings/login.keyring
	   Logged out and in

020. Set up some swap space
     	 sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/swap.bin bs=1M count=256
	 sudo chmod 600 /swap.bin
	 sudo mkswap /swap.bin
	 In /etc/fstab add:
	    /swap.bin none swap defaults 0 0
	 In /etc/sysctl.confg add:
	    # Swap as little as possible

5 thoughts on “Ubuntu 8.10 (Intrepid) for XO”

  1. Thanks for the instructions – they worked like charm, except number 16: the flash player plugin did not get installed due to some sha256sum mismatch. (Perhaps macromedia changed its package and the ubuntu wrapper for that has not been updated to reflect the change.)

  2. Zwi:
    Good to hear! Those instructions are just my summarization of someone else’s, because I wanted to be sure I had a detailed notes. One thing I found is that on most of the apps I got triangle shaped artifacts all in the UI. Did you encounter this too?

  3. I have not had a chance to play with many applications yet, but I see no issues with firefox, synaptic, terminal, thunar, mplayer, epdfviewer. The UI looks rather amazing actually – my only complaint could be related to the tiny mouse cursor on the small hi-res screen. :-)

  4. Just to add one more thing: In instruction #20, the file to be modified is /etc/sysctl.conf of course, not sysctl.confg.

    PS: I have also installed sugar and ran it in the sugar-emulator. I am amazed to see it running at a speed comparable to native sugar.

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